Dark Matter Evidence
the following gives Barry's responses to standard answers (as per the link given) regarding evidence for dark matter. Barry's responses are in bold.
Question: What is the evidence we have for dark matter?
Standard Answers: from
Well, we may have no unambiguous proof, but we have many strong clues, that all point towards existence of dark matter. These include:
Setterfield: This answer pre-supposes that gravity is the main force driving galaxy dynamics. Plasma physics has a different answer. Experiments in the lab with plasma filaments produce miniature galaxies where the filaments interact. These miniature galaxies have rotation characteristics exactly the same as the galaxies we see in the universe. In other words, since plasma phenomena are governed by electricity and magnetism the dynamics of galaxies in the lab are electro-magnetic in origin, This suggests that the dynamics of galaxies in space are not primarily gravitational in origin but rather electro-magnetic as we have in the lab.
Setterfield: Several issues here. First, the “velocities” of galaxies in a cluster are measured by their individual redshifts compared with the average redshift for the cluster at their given distance. The whole argument depends on the redshift being an actual velocity of recession of the galaxies. If it has some other cause, such as the effect on atomic emitters by the lower Zero Point Energy (ZPE), or some other effects such as those suggested by Arp, then the whole argument falls through. Indeed, with both the ZPE and Arp interpretations of the redshift, it has been stated that this makes for very “quiet” galaxy clusters with very little actual motion. The reason is that the redshifts of galaxies in clusters reflect a change in ZPE strength and not an actual velocity.
There is a second argument used by some in the creation community who insist on gravitational dynamics playing their full role and a redshift due to velocity of expansion. If these galaxy clusters have only been there for a relatively short time, even say a million years, then there has not been enough time for the cluster to disrupt at the observed velocities.
Setterfield: This answer again depends purely on gravitational physics. When the physics of plasma filaments is taken into account, the bending and focusing of light along the axis of plasma filaments can readily occur.
Setterfield: This answer again depends purely on deductions from gravitational physics. The interactions between galaxies on plasma physics is due to electricity and magnetism and the fields they produce. These fields trap the large hot clouds that produce the X-rays. However, the main interacting filaments which produce the galaxies and stars are the ones which do the lensing. So it is not necessarily evidence for the existence of dark matter.
Setterfield: The distribution of galaxies and galaxy clusters is acknowledged to be filamentary in structure. To get this filamentary structure from a smooth distribution of gas gravitationally, the gravitational astronomers require the action of dark matter. But that action has to be so finely tuned as to be unreasonable scientifically. It is much easier to account for the distribution by the action of plasma filaments when no special pleading for dark matter is needed.
Setterfield: This again assumes that gravitational laws were operating along with radiation laws. The fluctuations in the Cosmic Background can be accounted for very simply by the action of electric and magnetic fields in plasma at high temperatures. It need not require dark matter at all.
Setterfield:Those abundances of elements can form by fusion in plasma filaments under strong electric and magnetic fields. You do not need to assume dark matter, just strong fields. In fact all elements can be built up this way, including the element iron which is found in the most distant objects. This presence of iron is a problem for standard Big Bang modelling as it can only form in the observed abundances after a number of generations of stars have gone through their life-cycle. This suggests that the plasma alternative is better than current Big Bang modelling.
Setterfield: This conclusion is strongly disputed by plasma astronomers! Finally, this July (2016), it was announced that after an extensive search using highly sophisticated equipment that dark matter still has not been found. See here: http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/wireStory/scientists-invisible-dark-matter-find-40767195?yptr=yahoo
from the article linked: "Scientists have come up empty-handed in their latest effort to find elusive dark matter, the plentiful stuff that helps galaxies like ours form.